Wild turkeys were hunted out of Nebraska by the early 1900’s. Thanks to a release program started in 1959, wild turkeys have made a remarkable comeback in Nebraska, supporting both a spring and a fall turkey season. In the last five years, the wild turkey population in Nebraska has doubled, and wild turkeys can now be found along wooded rivers and creeks throughout most of the state, and in the Pine Ridge area of the Panhandle.

Unlimited state-wide fall permits are now available (limit two per person in 2006), and the season starts in October, runs through the end of the year, and is closed during the deer firearm season. In the spring, unlimited state-wide permits are available (new limit of three per person starting in 2007), with archery season starting in March and shotgun season in April.